Parish by Parish Breakdown of American Rescue Plan Money

The U.S. Treasury recently released the breakdown of how more than $350 billion in Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds will be distributed.

Under the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, state, local, territorial, and Tribal governments can spend the money to:

  • Support urgent COVID-19 response efforts to continue to decrease the spread of the virus and bring the pandemic under control;
  • Replace lost public sector revenue to strengthen support for vital public services and help retain jobs;
  • Support immediate economic stabilization for households and businesses; and,
  • Address systemic public health and economic challenges that have contributed to the unequal impact of the pandemic on certain populations.

The money can be distributed to provide support for households, small businesses, impacted industries, essential workers, and the communities hardest-hit by the crisis. These funds also deliver resources that recipients can invest in building, maintaining, or upgrading their water, sewer, and broadband infrastructure, officials say.

“Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds provide eligible state, local, territorial, and Tribal governments with a substantial infusion of resources to meet pandemic response needs and rebuild a stronger, more equitable economy as the country recovers. Within the categories of eligible uses, recipients have broad flexibility to decide how best to use this funding to meet the needs of their communities,” the treasury document states.

According to the document, recipients may use Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds to:

  • Support public health expenditures, by funding COVID-19 mitigation efforts, medical expenses, behavioral healthcare, and certain public health and safety staff;
  • Address negative economic impacts caused by the public health emergency, including economic harms to workers, households, small businesses, impacted industries, and the public sector;
  • Replace lost public sector revenue, using this funding to provide government services to the extent of the reduction in revenue experienced due to the pandemic;
  • Provide premium pay for essential workers, offering additional support to those who have borne and will bear the greatest health risks because of their service in critical infrastructure sectors; and,
  • Invest in water, sewer, and broadband infrastructure, making necessary investments to improve access to clean drinking water, support vital wastewater and stormwater infrastructure, and to expand access to broadband internet.

“Within these overall categories, Treasury’s Interim Final Rule provides guidelines and principles for determining the types of programs and services that this funding can support, together with examples of allowable uses that recipients may consider. As described below, Treasury has also designed these provisions to take into consideration the disproportionate impacts of the COVID-19 public health emergency on those hardest hit by the pandemic,” the document states.

Here’s the breakdown for the nation:

TypeAmount ($ billions)
States & District of Columbia$195.3
Metropolitan Cites$45.6
Tribal Governments$20.0
Non-Entitlement Units of Local

Louisiana is slated to receive $3,011,136,886.60. Louisiana’s “non-entitlement units or local government” programs are slated to receive $315,493,318.00

And here’s the break down for Louisiana, by parish.

Acadia Parish $12,051,514.00
Allen Parish $4,977,744.00
Ascension Parish $24,591,343.00
Assumption Parish $4,252,070.00
Avoyelles Parish $7,797,501.00
Beauregard Parish $7,283,353.00
Bienville Parish $2,571,909.00
Bossier Parish $24,675,836.00
Caddo Parish $46,656,811.00
Calcasieu Parish $39,515,058.00
Caldwell Parish $1,926,455.00
Cameron Parish $1,354,424.00
Catahoula Parish $1,844,098.00
Claiborne Parish $3,043,714.00
Concordia Parish $3,740,835.00
De Soto Parish $5,334,366.00
East Baton Rouge Parish $85,476,302.00
East Carroll Parish $1,332,669.00
East Feliciana Parish $3,716,749.00
Evangeline Parish $6,486,587.00
Franklin Parish $3,887,679.00
Grant Parish $4,348,801.00
Iberia Parish $13,563,659.00
Iberville Parish $6,314,881.00
Jackson Parish $3,058,087.00
Jefferson Davis Parish $6,092,866.00
Jefferson Parish $84,006,695.00
LaSalle Parish $2,892,596.00
Lafayette Parish $47,469,893.00
Lafourche Parish $18,960,375.00
Lincoln Parish $9,079,086.00
Livingston Parish $27,346,613.00
Madison Parish $2,127,103.00
Morehouse Parish $4,831,483.00
Natchitoches Parish $7,411,744.00
Orleans Parish $75,780,898.00
Ouachita Parish $29,772,649.00
Plaquemines Parish $4,505,745.00
Pointe Coupee Parish $4,220,798.00
Rapides Parish $25,182,604.00
Red River Parish $1,639,760.00
Richland Parish $3,908,463.00
Sabine Parish $4,639,187.00
St. Bernard Parish $9,176,593.00
St. Charles Parish $10,314,053.00
St. Helena Parish $1,968,022.00
St. James Parish $4,097,651.00
St. John the Baptist Parish $8,320,585.00
St. Landry Parish $15,951,624.00
St. Martin Parish $10,378,345.00
St. Mary Parish $9,585,270.00
St. Tammany Parish $50,583,338.00
Tangipahoa Parish $26,175,162.00
Tensas Parish $841,829.00
Terrebonne Parish $21,455,754.00
Union Parish $4,294,220.00
Vermilion Parish $11,559,314.00
Vernon Parish $9,212,527.00
Washington Parish $8,972,643.00
Webster Parish $7,447,096.00
West Baton Rouge Parish $5,140,516.00
West Carroll Parish $2,103,601.00
West Feliciana Parish $3,023,901.00
Winn Parish $2,700,689.00

Additionally, metro areas will receive funding.
Here’s Louisiana’s list:
Alexandria $11,290,002.00
Baton Rouge $79,966,896.00
Bossier City $13,428,592.00
Hammond city $5,242,946.00
Houma-Terrebonne $23,348,003.00
Kenner $13,833,851.00
Lafayette $38,256,658.00
Lake Charles $16,918,986.00
Monroe $18,327,658.00
New Orleans $311,742,151.00
Shreveport $48,240,338.00
Slidell $4,757,764.00
Thibodaux $3,723,957.00

Remember This? Carolyn’s First Recipe

By Brad Dison

During World War II, allied forces used naval mines, self-contained underwater explosives, to destroy enemy ships and submarines.  Sailors armed and deposited the mines in key areas where enemy ship traffic, especially German submarines known as U-boats, was likely.  The slightest nudge ignited the mines.  Sharks became an issue in the allied forces’ naval mining operation.  Naturally curious, sharks frequently swam up to the naval mines for a closer look.  In trying to determine what the mines were, sharks often bumped into the mines which triggered the mines and led to explosions.  The military was not as much concerned for the welfare of the sharks as they were for the loss of the mines.  Naval mining operations were time consuming, tedious, dangerous, and expensive.  They needed some way to repel sharks from the mines.  

Soon after the United States entered World War II, Carolyn McWilliams felt drawn to the war effort.  She said later in life that “Everybody that I knew was in the Army or the Navy or down in Washington, so that’s where I went.”  Carolyn tried to join the Women’s Army Corps (WACS) and the Navy’s Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES), but was rejected by both because, they claimed, she was too tall.  Carolyn stood 6’2” tall.  Undeterred and eager to do her part, Carolyn volunteered to work in the OSS, the Office of Strategic Services, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.

Carolyn was just one of 4,500 other women who worked for the OSS.  She worked as a file secretary and typed up thousands of names on small note cards for a system which was used to keep track of officers’ locations in the era before computers.  Carolyn was well-educated and ambitious.  Within a short time, she was transferred to the Emergency Sea Rescue Equipment Section, a top-secret experimental research project.

One of Carolyn’s tasks within the OSS was more suited to a chemist than someone whose previous work was as a file secretary.  Carolyn’s job was to develop a chemical shark repellent.  Her superiors hoped that in addition to keeping sharks away from naval mines, downed pilots in the ocean could use a shark deterrent to stave off shark attacks while they awaited rescue.

Sharks have a heightened sense of smell, hundreds of times more powerful than a human.  They have the ability to detect trace amounts of various compounds in millions of gallons of water.  During her experiments, Carolyn learned that sharks avoided dead sharks.  With this information, Carolyn set out to develop a recipe that smelled like a dead shark.

Carolyn was pampered in an upper-class household.  Her father graduated from Princeton University and became wealthy in the real estate business.  Her mother was an heiress to a paper company.  Her grandfather was a lieutenant governor of Massachusetts.  Carolyn had no experience with recipes or cooking because the family had hired cooks.  Undeterred, Carolyn eagerly accepted the challenge.    

Carolyn tried various combinations of putrid-smelling recipes, many of which attracted sharks rather than repelled them.  Finally, after numerous attempts, she found one which showed a slight repellence.  Carolyn’s recipe was a mixture of copper acetate and black dye made into a cake.  Although the CIA eventually released Carolyn’s dead shark cake recipe, its use during World War II remains classified.  Some sources claim that Carolyn’s shark repellent “was a critical tool during WWII and was coated on explosives that were targeting German U-boats.”

Carolyn learned that the OSS was planning to send people overseas.  She had always wanted to travel and pushed for overseas duty.  In 1944, the OSS transferred Carolyn to Ceylon, present day Sri Lanka, and Kunming, China, where she worked as Chief of the OSS Registry.  The Registry served all American intelligence branches, and Carolyn, who had the highest security clearance due to her position, knew every top-secret message that passed into and out of her office.

While abroad, Carolyn met another OSS officer who was well-educated, well-traveled and loved fine French cuisine.  Carolyn and Paul fell in love.  In September of 1946, just over a year after the allied victory in World War II, Carolyn and Paul married.  With the war over, Carolyn returned to civilian life while Paul continued to work in intelligence.  In 1948, Paul was assigned to the U.S. Information Agency in France.  Carolyn had always wanted to visit France, but being the driven person she was, she needed a task, a purpose.  She enrolled in one of France’s most prestigious cooking schools, Le Cordon Bleu.  Up until this point, the only significant recipe she had experimented with was her shark repellent cakes.

In 1951, Carolyn graduated from Le Cordon Bleu.  For most people, graduating from such a prominent school would have been enough.  Carolyn, however, knew that there was more that she wanted to learn.  She studied under several master chefs in France and continued to experiment in the culinary arts.  In that same year, she began working with two authors on a French cookbook for Americans.  Ten years later, the trio finally found a publisher who was interested in publishing their 726-page Mastering the Art of French Cooking.  The book was a best-seller and is still in print.

The book was the first leap in Carolyn’s culinary career.  Carolyn became a syndicated author, wrote numerous books which were designed to teach Americans how to cook French cuisine, and became the most widely seen cooking host on television from the 1960s until the 1990s.  It is difficult to imagine that Carolyn’s culinary career began during World War II with a recipe for shark repellent.  Rather than repel, her recipes have attracted the attention of millions of people around the world.  Back in 1948, Julia Carolyn McWilliams married Paul Child and became Julia Child.


  1.  News-Press (Fort Myers, Florida), July 10, 2015, p.A13.
  2.  Naval Aviation Training Division Guide, Shark Sense, March 1944.
  3. “Julia Child Helped Develop Shark Repellant During World War Ii,” the National World War II Museum of New Orleans, accessed April 30, 2021,’s%20and,to%20deter%20sharks%20from%20attacking.
  4. “Julia Child: Cooking up Spy Ops for Oss,” Central Intelligence Agency, accessed April 30, 2021,

Massive New Taxes Will Cripple Economic Growth

By Royal Alexander/Opinion

Crushing new taxes on job creators, along with workers staying home because they make more money not working, is harming our very productive economy.

President Reagan once stated, “I believe the best social program is a job.” That simple truth remains, and the Biden Administration would be wise to heed it.

The $2 trillion Biden plan will directly reduce wages, eliminate jobs, and restrict economic growth while decreasing private market investment, ultimately causing the U.S. to become less competitive. Why is that?

Because, among several other reasons, the proposal will increase the tax burden on entrepreneurs who create the very jobs a strong economy needs by raising the corporate tax rate to 28 percent from 21 percent. Biden also plans to raise the long-term capital gains tax rate from its current 23.8% to a whopping 43.4%. (Note, the top capital gains tax rate for Chinese investors is only 20%. Yes, that means the U.S. will be punishing investors more than Communist China).

The corporate tax rate is damaging enough but that, unfortunately, is not all the Biden plan does. Among other things, it will also add a new minimum 15% tax on “book income” (income corporations publicly report on their financial statements to shareholders), increase taxes on multinational corporations based in the U.S., and undermine and weaken American competitiveness through a new international agreement between high-tax countries. ( It will also continue hammering the fossil-fuel industry, this time with targeted tax increases. (Recall on his first day in office Pres. Biden revoked a permit for the Keystone XL oil pipeline and also froze new leases for oil and gas drilling on federal lands and the issuance of new drilling permits).

What does all of this mean? In the simplest terms, if our federal (or state) government too heavily taxes economic activity we will have less economic activity. Taxes create a disincentive to provide or produce goods or services. For this reason, the power to tax is also the power to destroy. (Chief Justice John Marshall). Along these same lines we should also note that one of the most critical elements of job and business creation is the presence of individuals who are willing to take a risk—often a significant financial risk—that their business will succeed. The way you entice these individuals to do that is with affordable financial capital (start-up/investment dollars) to buy the equipment, lease or buy the space and/or location, and hire the people they will need to launch their business. If they cannot afford to borrow this start-up capital the business—and those jobs—will never be created.

Although we never seem to learn it, the lesson never changes when the government dramatically increases spending and significantly raises taxes the result is less economic growth, fewer jobs, and lower wages. Always. And, given that we are still recovering from government mandated Covid shutdowns the last thing we need to do is impose huge new taxes.

Taken together, these plans and the vast new taxes they include serve to put a drag on our increasingly vibrant post-Covid economy. I am hopeful that Congress will reject such harmful tax increases and instead focus on a concrete pro-growth agenda that keeps all taxes low—and job creators and job creation thriving in our economy.

The views and opinions expressed in the My Opinion article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of The Grant Parish Journal. Any content provided by the authors is of their opinion and is not intended to malign any religion, ethnic group, club, organization, company, individual or anyone or anything.

Winn Parish School Board – Notice of Vacancy

The Winn Parish School Board is requesting applications for the position of Superintendent

The deadline for applying is May 14, 2021

Interested persons may obtain applications and instructions by visiting our website at

Completed applications must be postmarked by the application deadline and must be mailed to:
Winn Superintendent Search
P.O. Box 1100
Winnfield, LA 71483

Minimum Requirements:

Certified (or eligible for immediate certification as confirmed in writing by LDOE) as Superintendent of Schools in the State of Louisiana

Salary: Negotiated by the Board

Equal Employment Opportunity Employer. *Winn Parish School Board does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age or disability in employment or the provision of service.

Notice of Death May 11, 2021

None to report

None to report

Brenda Gail Rachal Knight
December 01, 1963 – May 08, 2021
Service: Tuesday, May 18 at 1 pm at Christian Worship Center, located at 1513 Hwy. 494 in Natchitoches

Taylor Madison Weaver
April 2, 2002-May 9, 2021
Visitation will be from 5-9 p.m. Thursday, May 13 at the funeral home.
Service: Friday, May 14 at 11 a.m. at Rockett Funeral Home, Ringgold.
Cemetery: Hathorn Cemetery, Ashland, Louisiana.

Spencer Castleberry
August 27, 1972 – May 10, 2021
Service: Wednesday, May 12 at 2 pm at Blanchard-St. Denis Funeral Home

Todd Moore
August 31, 1962 – May 10, 2021
Service: Thursday, May 13 at 10 am at Blanchard-St. Denis Funeral Home

Robert Hall, Sr
November 7, 1936 – May 4, 2021
Arrangements TBA

Clyde Ray Jackson
October 19, 1951 – May 7, 2021
Arrangements TBA

Willie Carr
May 23, 1945 – May 07, 2021
Arrangements TBA

Phillip Lloyd Gillis
March 13, 1968 – April 29, 2021
Service: Saturday, May 29, 2021 from 1-5 pm at the home of Ryan and Bekah French Home, located at 1615 Williams Ave. in Natchitoches

Ruben Sawyer
September 13, 1959 – May 04, 2021
Arrangements TBA

Jo Ann Richards
March 11, 1957 – May 8, 2021
Service: Friday, May 14 at 10 am at Hornbeck Full Gospel Church

Martha C. Foshee
January 19, 1929 – May 9, 2021
Service: Thursday, May 13 at 10 am at Warren Meadows Funeral Home Chapel

Register Now for GHS Golf Tournament 4 Man Scramble

Grant High School football and golf teams are hosting a 4-man scramble golf tournament at Timber Trails Family Golf Center on May 22, 2021. Tee off is at 1:00 PM. 

Entry fees are $100 per person or $400 per team. Entry fees can be paid the day of the tournament. Lunch will be provided. There will be prizes for 1st, 2nd and 3rd place. 

Register by May 19th by calling or texting Mr. Lloyd Whitman at 318-481-8471.

Tournament proceeds benefits GHS Golf & Football teams.


COLFAX, LA – District Attorney Jay Lemoine announced that Jason P. Dryden was convicted of Sexual Battery.  A Grant Parish jury returned a verdict of guilty on Thursday, April 22.  The trial, prosecuted by Assistant District Attorney Renee Nugent, began the prior Monday.

Dryden, age 27, resided in Pollock. “As a result of this conviction, Mr. Dryden is facing a minimum mandatory sentence of 25 years at hard labor, with a maximum sentence of 99 years”, said Lemoine. “The victim in this matter was a 5 year old child, so we will be seeking to prevent Mr. Dryden from harming anyone else for a very long time.”

 This trial was the first jury trial held in Grant Parish since the Covid-19 pandemic began. The Court took special precautions to ensure the safety of all involved, including rearranging courtroom seating to ensure adequate physical distancing. “Although it was a bit different due to the measures taken in response to Covid, the jury seemed comfortable with the arrangement and performed their duties with diligence and responsibility,” Lemoine said. The Court ordered a pre-sentence investigation to be conducted by the Department of Corrections and set a sentencing hearing for May 24, 2021.

Louisiana Department of Education and Ochsner Health Launch Virtual Therapy Program for Educators and Support Staff

More than 166,000 Educators Statewide Will Have Access to Free Mental Health Virtual Visits

Department of Education (LDOE) is partnering with Ochsner Health to launch a virtual therapy program to provide access to free mental health virtual visits. More than 166,000 public school educators and support staff statewide will have access to free mental health virtual visits through Ochsner Anywhere Care – an established telehealth platform in which patients can connect with a licensed mental/behavioral health provider via a secure video visit from their smartphone, tablet or personal computer.

“Louisiana educators have done hero’s work through a pandemic and one of the most active hurricane seasons on record for our state,” said State Superintendent of Education Dr. Cade Brumley. “They have been there for our children and families during this stressful year, and this partnership with Ochsner is one way we can be there for them.”

Educating children and serving families during this unprecedented school year, while simultaneously balancing personal and family needs have taken a toll on Louisiana educators, administrators and school support staff. Nearly 40 percent of early childhood educators in Louisiana responded to a survey reporting clinically relevant signs of depression (Hechinger Report, Aug 2020). The three-year, million-dollar initiative is funded by the LDOE through allocations from the Governor’s Emergency Education Relief Fund (GEER) to be responsive to the mental and behavioral health needs educators may be facing in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.

“It is critically important that the state provide mental and emotional support for our teachers and support staffs who unselfishly give so much of themselves to ensure that education continues for our students during this unprecedented pandemic,” said Gov. John Bel Edwards. “The Governor’s Emergency Education Relief Fund (GEER) is being used to fund the partnership between the Louisiana Department of Education and Ochsner, and I’m grateful that we are able to support our education workforce.”

The virtual therapy program for Louisiana educators will cover four virtual therapy visits for Louisiana public school teachers and support staff at all K-12 school systems and early child care centers that serve children from birth to age four. This includes all traditional public and public charter schools. Additional visits beyond the initial four covered by the program will be available at a discounted rate.

“We recognize that the COVID-19 pandemic has presented unique challenges to educators – both frontline teachers and administrative staff,” said April Radford, VP Telemedicine, Ochsner Health. “Teaming up with the Louisiana Department of Education to leverage our established Ochsner Anywhere Care platform helps connect educators with the mental health support they need. We are proud to support educators and this program is just one more way Ochsner is working toward a healthier state by reducing barriers to healthcare by making services affordable, convenient and accessible to all.”

Virtual therapy visits are a convenient option for a variety of appointments, including addressing pandemic-related stress or other behavioral health issues such as grief and loss counseling, post-traumatic stress disorder, eating disorders and insomnia. Through the platform, individuals can browse provider profiles and select a clinician that best serves their needs, including searching by language. Convenient appointments are available Monday – Saturdays for participating teachers, and staff. Recurring appointments can be made with the same provider.

An Ochsner Anywhere Care virtual therapy session is similar to an office visit, but from the convenience of home via a secure video appointment with a licensed provider on a computer, smartphone or tablet. During the appointment, patients will be asked about current symptoms, medical history and goals for therapy. Using this information, the provider will assess the situation and recommend a treatment plan. Ochsner Anywhere Care is designed to be a private, secure, HIPAA-compliant tool that enables patients to consult with a provider online safely and confidentially. 

Educators who qualify for the program should connect with their local school system for more information, including how to sign up. The program grew out of an initiative of the LDOE’s Office of Equity, Inclusion and Opportunities, led by Assistant Superintendent Dr. Kelli Peterson. Providing confidential evidence-based mental support to educators and school support staff aligns with the Department’s belief that educators are valued professionals and that equity matters. This partnership ensures equitable access to such supports for educators. For more information about the Louisiana Department of Education visit To learn more about Ochsner Health, please visit

Remember This? Feller’s Fireball

By Brad Dison

On Sunday, May 14, 1939, approximately 28,000 fans gathered at Comiskey Park, home of the Chicago White Sox major league baseball team, to watch the Cleveland Indians play the White Sox.  Over 700 fans from Van Meter, Iowa, drove some 400 miles to Chicago to watch Bob Feller, their hometown boy, pitch for the Cleveland Indians.  Among the group from Van Meter was Lena, her husband William, and their daughter Marguerite.  They sat in front row seats on the first baseline.

Cleveland Indians fans, including those from Van Meter, were ecstatic because the Indians were leading 6 to 0 by the last half of the third inning.  Chicago White Sox third baseman Marv Owen stepped up to the plate.  Cleveland Indians Pitcher Bob Feller wound up and threw a powerful fast ball.  Marv swung at the last possible moment.  Crack!!!  Marv’s bat struck the fastball with tremendous force.  The foul ball flew into the front row seats on the first baseline and hit Lena just above her left eye.  The lenses of Lena’s glasses shattered and lacerated her nose and eye.  Blood poured from her eyelid and forehead.  

The game was delayed for only a few moments.  Cleveland Indians trainer Max “Lefty” Weisman rushed into the stands to render aid to the injured woman.  Lefty, along with Lena’s husband and daughter, helped her to an automobile and drove her to a nearby hospital.

Bob was visibly shaken and stood “stark still” on the pitcher’s mound.  As soon as Lena was on her way to the hospital, Bob resumed pitching.  Unable to fully concentrate on the game, Bob allowed the White Sox to score three runs before he regained his composure.  When the game was over, Cleveland Indians had beaten the Chicago White Sox 9 to 4.  The fans from Van Meter who remained at the game were thrilled they witnessed their hometown boy pitch a winning game.

At the hospital, doctors treated the cuts around Lena’s left eye.  Lena needed six stitches to close the wounds.  Doctors determined that Lena probably had a mild concussion.  Luckily, Lena’s skull was not fractured.  They expected her to make a full recovery.

As soon as the game was over, Bob sped to the hospital to check on the injured woman.  Bob hurried to Lena’s hospital room and found her sitting in the hospital bed with her head swathed in bandages.  “Everything is all right,” Lena reassured the distraught pitcher, “I just didn’t see that ball coming.”

After hearing that Lena would recover, Bob reminded her that he had promised to win the game as a Mother’s Day present, which he did.  However, Bob did not expect his mother to miss the end of the game due to a baseball injury.  You see, Lena was Bob’s mother.  The baseball game in which Bob Feller’s pitch struck his mother happened on May 14, 1939, which was Mother’s Day.  


  1.  The Lexington Herald (Lexington, Kentucky), May 15, 1939, p.5.
  2.  The Coshocton Tribune (Coshocton, Ohio), May 15, 1939, p.2.

William, Marguerite, and Pitcher Bob Feller Visiting Lena at the hospital